In all communities around the world the birth of a child is considered a blessing and ceremonies are held to celebrate this event. A new born baby in Islam has the following rites, as demonstrated and taught by the Prophet Muhammed (pbuh):
The Muslim call to prayer (Adhan) should be recited in his/her ear by the father. Abu Raf'I relates that, "I saw the Prophet saying the adhan of salah in the ear of his grandson, Hasan, when the child was born to his daughter Fatima".
Something sweet should be given to the baby, wither a soft date piece or honey. When a child was born to one of the families of the Sahaba (the Companions of the Prophet) they would take it to the Prophet (pbuh) so that he would bless it, and apply the pulp of a date, chewed by him, to its palate. Tahneek is among those Sunan whose practice has become rare.
Aisha (RA) narrates that "the people used to bring their newborn children to the Prophet and he would bless them and perform the tahneek"
Sahih Muslim 1:560
The Aqeeqah ceremony essentially consists of two acts: the shaving of the hair from the head of a newborn baby, and the sacrifice of an animal. The hair on the child's head is shaved and its weight in silver is given as charity. An animal is then sacrificed as a mark of celebration and distributed amongst friends, family, the poor and a portion is kept for ones own consumption.
In Islam, it is an obligation of the parents, that their child be given a good name with a good meaning. Those who ask Allah to give them children should also ask Allah to make these children among the followers of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and adherents to his Sunnah.
Naming a child with a beautiful and honourable name is very important. The Prophet (pbuh) always chose names with good and beautiful meanings, even telling people to change their names if they had unpleasant meanings.
Narrated by Abu Musa (RA)" a son was born to me and I took him to the Prophet who named him Ibrahim, did tahneek for him with a date, invoked Allah's blessing upon him and returned him to me.
Sahih Bukhari 7:376
Muslim baby boys should be circumcised in their infancy. The removal of the foreskin at this age is encouraged as this minimizes any risk of the operation and any pain associated with the procedure. However, circumcision may be delayed should the child have health problems that may complicate the procedure. Circumcision is thus mandatory upon Muslim boys for hygienic and health reasons.